New Zealand Celebrates 100 Years of the Baha’i Faith: A Personal Reflection

The first Baha’i Feast in New Zealand 1923. Hands of the Cause John Henry Hyde-Dunn and Clara Dunn are pictured in the back row, fourth and fifth from the left respectively.

For much of the world, New Zealand is known as the scenically spectacular location of the Lord of the Rings movies.

But for me it is the place of my birth and where I heard about a different lord, a nobleman named Baha’u’llah, who founded the Baha’i Faith.

This year, the New Zealand Baha’i community is celebrating its centenary, so by the late 1970s when I first encountered some of its members, the Baha’i Faith was well-established. 

After being invited to Baha’i discussion meetings by my future wife, Chris, I experienced a special spirit there, something that lifted me up and made life feel special, energised somehow.

There was a singer-songwriter named Grant Hinden Miller, whose songs were later to become widely loved throughout the Baha’i world. And in addition to Chris, there were many confident young women, present, and I was soon to meet a star of stage and screen, Ilona Rogers and her husband David Warren, as well as Geoff and Alison Gore, all eloquent ambassadors for the faith.

Chris had explained many aspects of the religion to me. Then it required a spark to get me to move. On a special day for me in 1978, as somebody on TV was criticising the Baha’i Faith, I became so stirred up by the attack and the dignified response that I declared my belief in it.

It should be no surprise that if New Zealanders decide to work for a cause, it is likely to have success. For a population of only four million, New Zealand has been disproportionately internationally prominent in many endeavours, ranging from from sports to science, and it rightfully takes pride as being the first nation where women voted for a national parliament.

Margaret Stevenson, New Zealand’s first Baha’i.

The Faith’s principal of the equality of women and men is likely to have been one of the attractions of the Faith that won the allegiance of the person generally accepted to be the first adherent in New Zealand, Margaret Stevenson, in 1913.

Nine years later, the couple who had taken the faith to Australia in 1920, John Henry Hyde-Dunn and his wife Clara, visited her in New Zealand and helped establish Baha’i activities.

The new religion found fertile soil and soon Baha’i pilgrims were going to the Holy Land to pray at the holy Shrines. They established a loving relationship with the head of the Faith, Shoghi Effendi, who wrote many encouraging letters to a Baha’i community that could hardly have been further away from its world centre.

The year I was lucky enough to meet this warm and energetic community, it was being blessed with the entry of many young people who — like many of their age group — were looking for ways to change the world. Among those to welcome them, as they did me, was a band of elderly women who had once been the mainstay of the community: Freda Butler, Linda Hight, Beryl Osbahr, and Emily Hughes.

Among the first Maori to become a Baha’i was Albert White in 1948. Later, visits by high-ranking Baha’is (known as “Hands of the Cause”) such as Enoch Olinga, Rahmatu’llah Muhajir, Ali-Akbar Furutan, and Collis Featherstone attracted others, including the esteemed elder Ephraim Te Paa, who became a devoted Baha’i. Meeting are now often held on Maori marae (meeting places).

The current National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha’is of New Zealand

Many people of Pacific Island descent are also members of the community whose special blend of Polynesian and European followers was remarked upon by an important Baha’i visitor, Madame Ruhiyyih Rabbani, the widow of Shoghi Effendi.

Another flavour in the mix of the New Zealand Baha’i community were Baha’is from the birthplace of the faith, Iran.  The first in 1948, was Manoo Ala’i, and in the 1980s came refugees from the persecution of Baha’is in Iran.

The community also benefited from individuals and families coming especially from Canada, the United States, and Great Britain who dedicated themselves to assisting the Baha’i community in their new home.

Examples include Canadian Dianne Stogre-Power, whose radio programs about peace and gender equality won many national awards. From the United States in the post war years arrived Alvin and Gertrude Blum, and in the 1960s came intellectual and teacher, Gary Corson and his dedicated Baha’i wife Carol.

From Hollywood came Ken Zemke, an Emmy award-winning film editor, and his musician wife Mary and family, as well as composer Russell Garcia and his wife, Gina. The founder of men of the Trees, Richard St Barbe Baker, originally from England, was another member of the community with a profile in the media.

Naturally, most Baha’is were New Zealand born, including one of the nation’s foremost artists, Dame Robin White, the best-selling author Barry Crump, and a former Parliamentarian and businessman, Murray Smith, who became deputy secretary-general of the Baha’i International Community in Haifa. Another local Baha’i to attain prominence in the secular world was District Court Judge Heather Simpson, who served as chairperson of the national governing council the National Spiritual Assembly, which has its office on a beautiful site in Henderson, Auckland, where one day a Temple will be built.

Dancers at the 2012 North Island summer school (Photo: Abraham Reyes)

Today, New Zealand Baha’is are active in service to their neighbourhoods, providing study circles, children’s classes and devotional meetings , and inviting  others to join them as they seek ways to promote unity in the country and globally.

Baha’i numbers are smallish compared to the older religions yet members are confident of growth. Once ignored messages about the need for a united global society, gender equality and unity among the religions are now proving attractive to the wider community.

For family reasons I moved to Australia and became a member of the sister community there, but when I joined the staff for a few years at the Baha’i World Centre in Haifa I resumed contact with people now widely known as “Kiwis”.

That happy reunion reminded me of their qualities– their ability to get things done efficiently and well, their quick willingness to lend a hand, their understated personalities and their genuine friendships.

But, underlying it all, I saw in them something recognised so long ago by the head of the Faith, Shoghi Effendi. In a letter written on his behalf to Margaret Stevenson, only 12 years into the first century of the faith in Aotearoa, he expressed his “high estimation of the beauty of the faith of the New Zealand friends.”


NOTE: The Governor-General of New Zealand Sir Jerry Mateparae has issued a warm congratulatory message on the centenary. The New Zealand Baha’i community is marking the anniversary with events at summer schools and a youth conference, a memorial gathering at the grave of the country’s first Baha’i, meetings with prominent citizens giving them information about the Baha’i community, and the publication of its history with chapters on various aspects written by different writers.

About the Author

Michael Day is a journalist who has worked for daily newspapers in Australia and New Zealand. From 2003-2006 he was the editor of the Baha’i World News Service at the Baha’i World Centre. Now based in Brisbane, he is the national media officer of the Australian Baha’i Community. His contributions to Baha’i Blog are in his personal capacity. His interests are Baha’i history, literature, the arts, rugby union, surfing, and scuba diving.

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Discussion 5 Comments

  1. Michael, Thanks for this lovely remembrance and history. I knew next to nothing about the New Zealand Baha’i community and I’m happy to learn a bit more.

    When I went on pilgrimage in 1979, I remember that in our pilgrimage group was someone who was thought to be the first Maori to come on pilgrimage. I have repeated that fact to lots of people, but I was young enough that I didn’t know where Maoris lived or how significant this might be. Do you have any knowledge of whether this is true and who it might have been?

    1. Hi Alan,
      I am glad you found the article of interest. There will be much more being published about this wonderful community later in the year.

      To obtain an answer to your question, I suggest you contact the New Zealand Baha’i community via its website: http://www.bahai.org.nz/contact/

  2. Hi Michael,

    Wonderful history of New Zealand quite unknown to me.
    How interesting to know that this year marks the 100th anniversary of the Faith in the country of your birth.
    It would be interesting to know the whereabouts of the descendants of those early Baha’is.
    Thank you for such your contribution.
    Bless you all.

  3. Thank you Michael, for the neatly made history of the Baha’is in New Zealand, a country which I love. On our very first visit to NZ we met Jean Simmonds (? sp.) at the Baha’i centre in Auckland (1972).

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